The Fitch Fuel Catalyst and Fuel
By: Al Berlin, Ph.D Research & Product Development for Advanced Power Systems
Prior to working on the development of the Fitch Fuel Catalyst Dr. Al Berlin
was Director of Analytic Services for United Oil Products, a developer of the
exhaust catalytic converter.
What Is a Catalyst?
A catalyst reduces the energy threshold required and helps promote a chemical reaction. A substance is classified as a catalyst if it returns to its original state at the conclusion of the reaction sequence and is available to participate in subsequent reactions. Catalysts are useful because they minimize the energy required to perform a task and therefore save energy and money.
For example a vessel containing hydrochloric acid and tin will be stable. Upon adding a minute dose of a few hundredths of a grain of platinum, hydrogen gas will begin to boil off. At the end of the reaction, the platinum is in its original condition.
The Fitch Fuel Catalyst induces chemical reactions among fuel molecules at low temperatures such as those our vehicles and fuel tanks experience and it returns to its original state at the conclusion of the reaction ready to initiate a new sequence.
Reformulation of Hydrocarbon Fuel via Fitch Fuel Catalyst
Fuels are complex. Most of us think of fuels such as gasoline as a homogeneous commodity without realizing that it is not perfect or uniform. As purchased at the pump fuel is a mixture of about forty primary but as many as a thousand secondary different species of hydrocarbon molecules. If fuel were pure there would be few or only one type of molecule. Natural gas types of molecules are too short and light, and diesel fuel and asphalt types of molecules are too long and heavy for gasoline,
yet many of these light and heavy molecules are in the gasoline available at
Refineries, where fuel is manufactured from crude cannot remove all non-conforming molecules to make a pure fuel. And once fuel leaves the refinery, it is subject to attack by oxygen, ozone, and microorganisms (bacteria yeast and mold) that grow in the fuel and alter it ingesting fuel molecules and expelling non-conforming molecules as by-products. Whether these non-conforming molecules are present in small quantities when fuel leaves the refinery or increase in number with the passage of time due to the above influences of oxygen or microorganism attack, they prevent engines from performing at their optimum level and prevent extraction of the maximum energy from the fuel.
These non-standard molecules cannot be efficiently and completely burned in engines that weren't designed for them. When fuel does not combust completely, it does not contribute its maximum potential energy. Some of it forms carbon deposits and gums, and some of it passes through the engine unburned and must be processed by the catalytic converter.
This is one reason that today's vehicles need an exhaust catalytic converter to reduce toxic auto emissions. These toxic gasses (Unburned Hydrocarbons UHC and Carbon Monoxide CO) would not exist if the fuel / energy conversion in the engine was perfect. Exhaust system catalytic converters provide an environment for a chemical reaction where unburned hydrocarbons completely combust hence the combustion process continues but as it is outside the engine combustion chamber no useful energy is extracted. Over time, engines develop problems caused by sub-optimal fuel including gumming and constriction of fuel systems and carbon deposits in the combustion chamber and exhaust system.
With a Fitch Fuel Catalyst it is possible to deal with fuel problems in an effective way. The Fitch Fuel Catalyst reformulates fuel prior to combustion on board the vehicle, preventing oxygen and most diseases from attacking the fuel and reversing any degradation that may have occurred prior to the fuel being introduced to the vehicle. The Fitch Fuel Catalyst assists the combustion process by insuring that fuel is highly uniform, potent, consistent, and stable. It performs its function at the temperatures experienced in fuel tanks without any requirement for elevated temperatures or pressures, which is what makes the Fitch Fuel Catalyst so convenient and useful.
This Fitch Fuel reforming Catalyst is not an additive. It is an alloy that provides a platform or an environment for a series of reactions among fuel molecules. These reactions result in transformed or reformulated fuel. The resultant Fitch treated fuel is of molecular length and structures that make it more conducive to complete combustion. Fitch reformulated fuel is what the engine designer had in mind. As a result, the engine converts the chemical energy in the fuel to mechanical energy in an inherently more stable and complete process. The energy or power extracted from the fuel is greater, and the toxic exhaust emissions are lower, frequently by more than half. As this fuel catalyst alloy is not an additive it will function for the life of the engine.
This wonderful product is suitable for engines designed yesterday, today, and tomorrow, as they burn the same fuel. Through the use of the Fitch Fuel Catalyst it is possible to make a material difference in power, fuel economy and air quality, simultaneously regardless of the engine in question. The higher the fuel quality the better the engine can perform.
What does the Fitch Fuel Catalyst do to fuel to improve it?
One way to describe how The Fitch Fuel Catalyst benefits the consumer or engine builder is by the differences in the composition of the fuel that results from exposure to the catalyst.
In gasoline (C7 - C11) we have measured changes due to the presence of the Fitch Fuel Catalyst. Here are some of the more significant ones and the implication of them.
Analyses of the gasoline distribution after contact with the FFC shows changes in the composition of organic compounds in gasoline.
Experimental data confirm that the Fitch Fuel Catalyst successfully:
- Light non-gasoline hydrocarbons present in the untreated fuel like C1 - C4 are markedly diminished and
- Branched hydrocarbons larger than C4 were enhanced
- Suppresses bacterial growth in gasoline minimizing this problem
- Improves the Oxidation Stability of gasoline as measured by ASTM D525
The structure of a hydrocarbon molecule (straight, ring, or branched in shape) as well the number of carbon and hydrogen atoms per molecule is important to how well a molecule performs in a combustion engine. Molecules with the same number of hydrogen and carbon atoms but with different structures behave differently in an engine. Highly branched fuel molecules have been shown to be more desirable than straight chain molecules even when the number of carbon and hydrogen atoms per molecule is identical. An increase in the branched compounds and a reduction in the small light hydrocarbons enhances octane number of gasoline leading to improvement in engine performance and reduction of soot. More complex (branched) fuel molecules such as those produced through the influence of the Fitch Fuel Catalyst reduce power robbing knock. It has been determined through experiment that branched fuel molecules such as iso-octane are much less likely to knock compared to normal pentane.
The distribution curve of the various molecular weights and structures within gasoline show a reduction in the less desirable molecule population after exposure to the Fitch Fuel Catalyst and a marked increase in the concentration of molecules of desirable weight and structure. These modifications in the fuel improvement result in the improvements in power and emissions measured in engine tests.
Higher-octane fuels allow for more advanced spark timing. Advanced spark timings produce higher in-cylinder pressures and temperatures producing greater engine output torque and power.
The high fuel quality resulting from exposure to the Fitch Fuel Catalyst insures quality of combustion. The Fitch Fuel Catalyst is an octane enhancer and fuel stabilizer in one permanent device.
See Emissions Reports for specific examples these changes in fuel make in lowering emissions, increasing power, and improving fuel economy.
In diesel fuels the Fitch Fuel Catalyst helps break undesirable highly
branched long molecules and converts them into more desirable low octane
long straight hydrocarbon chains. This helps the cetane rating of the
diesel fuel and assists the engine extract more power from a gallon of
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