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FITCH FUEL CATALYST  

Fuel Catalyst U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) position on all fuel additives is one that is viewed with suspicion until proven otherwise. Fuel additives must be proven safe and not have changed or created new/harmful emission species by way of the combustion process. Metal additives are known to be in this group. Metals as a group, when used in fuel additives, are known to reduce visible exhaust smoke output but at a cost. Metals do not burn up during combustion process. The problem with metal additives is that the metals reappear on the exhaust particulate. Metals are known to have the same biological effects just like diesel particulates and as such should be avoided. Any metal additives as a group are not to be recommended for reducing diesel particulates.

Only fuel additives registered by the EPA will be recommended for use in on highway and non on road internal combustion engines. As of 25th April 1997, only diesel fuel additives that have been registered by the EPA may be used in diesel powered equipment in underground mines. Only these registered additives may be used to ensure no harmful agents are introduced into the mine environment ( this legislation is to be expanded to cover all fuel additives used on all internal combustion engines).

The Fitch® Fuel Catalyst is EPA certified and registered under U.S.Federal Register Volume 54: 40 CFR 85.2114(1).

As part of the EPA certification and registration process, including California Air Resources Board (CARB) certification, a total of more than thirty-five (35) test reports were reviewed. These reports were conducted by various independent and EPA recognised laboratories, university research facilities, US Military including Pratt & Whitney contracted by the US Defence Force, various State and Federal agencies, corporations and infield test reports by commercial fleet operators. These reports covered scientific/analytical research, exhaust emission analysis, emission reduction performance, fuel consumption, operational performance analysis and catalyst life and performance life cycle.

All research laboratory testing conclusively confirm that the Fitch® Fuel Catalyst is indeed a true catalyst by definition. ( affecting a chemical change in the fuel it contacts but not becoming a part of the fuel by adding any element of itself during or after the reaction ). The catalyst is not consumed in the reaction it promotes.

Atomic absorption (AA) and ICP spectroscopy tests on fuel samples exposed and eroded to the Fitch® Fuel Catalyst pellets for two weeks in both gasoline and diesel fuels, all commercially available brands a total of 10 samples in all. These tests have been replicated at two independent research institutes, the Carnegie Mellon Research Institute, Pittsburgh , Pennsylvania and the Oak Ridge National Research Laboratory, Tennessee for the Department of Energy. Both facilities conducted testing to the one parts per million level.

Testing completed at the specific request of the US EPA, Ann Arbor, Michigan as part of the EPA 511 certification criteria (AA) spectroscopy tests at the parts per billion level by the University of Florida and the Department of Energy have all concluded that in fact the Fitch® Fuel Catalyst does not leach/release any traced metals and/or chemical elements of itself into any of the fuel samples tested.

 
Fuel Catalyst U.S. Laboratory Testing

Following Are FACTS Concerning Evaluations Conducted On The Fitch® Fuel Catalyst by Various Independent, Government and Commercial Laboratories, OEM'S, Municipalities and other Organisations.

US LABORATORY TESTING:

Auto Research Laboratories ( EPA recognised )
13th June 1997
Oxidation stability (ASTM D5250 ) induction period increased from 410 minutes to 810 minutes when exposed to catalyst.

Centre for Emissions Research & Analysis ( EPA recognised )
22nd July 1993
Testing on lawnmower engines showed emissions reduction of CO 48.8%, HC 38%, NOx 11.1% and fuel reduction of 36.5%

Buell Motorcycles ( Harley-Davidson )
13th May 1998
Tested emissions in lab with reductions in HC of 54% with one F4T catalyst and no adjustments to engine.

Dyno-Time Inc.
Dynamometer Test Facility tested 350 cu.in. race engine on Sunoco Blue race fuel pre-treated with the Fitch® Fuel Catalyst - engine gained 3 HP and 5 ft.ibs. of torque over untreated fuel.

Lubrication Engineers
9th April 1993
Oil analysis confirmed fuel soot contamination reduced 77% after the Fitch® Fuel Catalyst was installed.

Marine Corporation of America
23rd March 1994
Lab testing on 270 hp Mercruiser diesel confirmed 10% fuel savings with an increase of 2 hp. Firing pressures increased and exhaust temperature reduced, confirmed more efficient combustion.

National Institute for Petroleum & Energy Research ( EPA recognised )
25th August 1993
Confirmed diesel particulate reduced by 41%

 
Fuel Catalyst U.S. Government and Approved Agency Tests

As greater demands are put on the refineries to meet EPA standards, fuel quality continues to change with the addition of more oxygenates and other additives, the tendency of fuel to be affected by bacteria, water and oxidation is increasing. Fuel is not perfect when refined and once fuel leaves the refinery, it is subject to attack by oxygen and microorganisms such as bacteria that grow in the fuel ingesting fuel molecules and expelling non-standard molecules as by-products. With the passage of time these processes of oxygen attack and microorganism growth contribute to the increase in the concentration of non-conforming molecules that are present in small quantities when fuel leaves the refinery. These non-conforming molecules prevent engines from performing at their optimum level and can prevent fuel delivery systems from functioning.

Extensive research devoted to our area of expertise in hydrocarbon fuel reformulation bears directly on this area of concern for high fuel quality. We would like to share with you two recently completed evaluations.

Test 1. Oxidation Stability ASTM D525

Paragon Labs in Michigan performed an Oxidation Stability test (ASTM D525.4016 procedure attached). This test provides an indication of the age of fuel and the fuels ability to resist oxygen attack and formation of gums.

The attached test report. (FFC Test ASTM D525 2002) from Paragon Labs was performed on a sample of New York fuel. This sample was near the lower limits of acceptable for sale in the US (Minimum 240 minutes). Portions of this fuel were subjected to the FFC for a 24-hour soak and a seven-day soak. The results indicate that after 24 hours the fuel was improved by 57% and after seven days there was a similar finding. This indicates that the presence of the FFC not only prevents premature oxidation but it is capable of restoring fuel to a higher quality. These results are similar to those previously obtained by APSI in a 1996 report from Auto Research Labs in Illinois (FFC Test ASTM D5251996).

Test 2. Influence of the Fitch Fuel Catalyst on Bacterial Growth in Gasoline

APSI has engaged the Dept of Chemistry at the University of Connecticut to perform a series of investigations into hydrocarbon fuels. The investigation that is the subject of this report is one in that series. We are enclosing a copy of this recently concluded evaluation. The results of these studies show a significant reduction in bacterial growth in gasoline that is attributable to the introduction of the FFC into the fuel sample. Bacteria are a major cause of premature aging of fuel and one of the reasons there are so many fuel additives and cleaners on the market today.

These reports are significant and definite proof that the FFC will keep fuel fresh longer thereby reducing the tendency of fuel to form varnishes and gums, which damage fuel system components. With the integration of the Fitch Fuel Catalyst into every machine manufactured, the fuel in the machine will be of the highest possible standard and quality. The fuel insurance that the Fitch Fuel Catalyst provides guarantees there will be fewer fuel system problems and a better running engine.

Bacterial Studies on the Effect of Fitch Fuel Catalyst in Gasoline

The University of Connecticut has been engaged to perform certain investigations into hydrocarbon fuels by Advanced Power Systems International Inc of Lime Rock Ct. The investigation that is the subject of this report is one in a series funded from grants by the United States Government, Department of Defense. The DOD granted to APSI over $500,000 to investigate, 1: The viability of using the Fitch Fuel Catalyst technology as a means to reduce fuel losses by preventing premature aging of stored fuel. 2: The use of this improved fuel in reducing overall operating costs predicated on superior combustion. This report describes work done at UCONN under contract to APSI Inc. Dr. S. Suib and Dr. Claudia P. Koerting of UCONN Principal Investigators. Dr. A. Berlin head of Research and Development for APSI supervised this work. The work performed in this report was performed between November 2001 and May of 2002.

Purpose of the Investigation Rationale and Justification

In this investigation the researchers endeavored to construct an experiment that would measure the effect the presence of Fitch Fuel Catalyst (FFC) has on a bacteria known to degrade or breakdown fuels.

Bacteriology

The objective of the bacteriological studies on the FFC was to determine the antimicrobial effect of the FFC on bacterial growth in fuel. To prepare for this study a literature search was performed for bacteria that can grow using fuel, especially gasoline, as food. Both single and mixed cultures were considered for study. The factors considered in the search of an optimum bacterial strain included the following:

(i) Easy availability

(ii) Easy growing conditions

(iii) Detectable results within a short course of time, and

(iv) Biosafety level 1 (non-pathogenic)

(v) Commonly used as a model fuel-biodegrader

The literature spans over 30 years of study of microorganisms, which can consume fuel.

Conclusion

Bacteria growth in the presence of 2% gasoline increased until the addition of the FFC, day 10. Viable counts declined post FFC addition. (Figure 1, 2) It is clear that there is a suppression of growth of bacteria in the sample with the FFC present with respect to the sample where the FFC was not present.

Note: Details of this report upon request.

 

The following US Government and approved agencies have tested and certified the Fitch® Fuel Catalyst.  

Full documentation, supporting tests and procedures are available upon request, please use our inquiry form for further information  

 

NAME OF AGENCY/TESTING FACILITY

TEST PERFORMED/APPROVAL

Automotive Testing & Development

Petrol emission testing using EPA FTP75 Federal Highway Test 3 Cycle 3 Bag procedure.

US Department of Energy Oak Ridge Laboratory 

GC/MS Fuel Analysis confirming Molecular changes in all fuels tested

California Air Resources Board ( CARB )

Testing conducted for State and Federal EPA emissions evaluation and Certification. Installation waiver granted.

US Department of Energy Oak Ridge Laboratory 

Atomic absorption/ICP spectroscopy test.

Carnegie Mellon Research Institute

Catalytic definition and leaching test.

Lubrication Engineers, Inc. ( Mack Truck)

Oil analysis. Soot oil contamination.

Centre for Emissions Research and Analysis
(CERA)

SAE J1088 Small Engine Test for State and Federal EPA emissions evaluation and certification.

US. Air Force Material Command.

MEEP Program for emissions and subsequent recommendation for broad scale use.

US. Coast Guard American Marine Standards

Canister Body Integrity Pressure Test meets or exceeds all US . Coast Guard standards.

Pratt & Whitney Jet Engines Military Division

ASTM d 3421 Jet Fuel Test JP8 Thermal Oxidative Stability Test

Auto Research Labs  

Reed Vapour Pressure Testing ASTM D5191 Oxygen Stability Test D525

Marine Corp. of America .  

Engine Dynamometer Testing 7.3. Litre.

City of Chicago , Illinois

I year field testing on city government vehicles confirming increased fuel efficiency.

State of Texas

Natural Resource Conservation Commission, Jan. 16th 1996, official endorsement for Department of Transport: recommendation for use on Government vehicles in urban areas. 

Denton County . Texas

Emission exemption waiver granted to equipment fitted with Fitch® catalyst to operate on days of high pollution readings (hand powered equipment and mowers). Formal adoption by Denton County Police, Fire and Emergency Units for use on department vehicles and equipment.

U.S.A.Environmental Protection Agency

Federal test procedure certifying test results and verifying authenticity and subsequent issuing of EPA accreditation for installation with no warranty cancellation.

Hawaii State Mass Transit

Diesel particulate and opacity testing on buses.

California , Connecticut , Massachusetts ,
Texas and Georgia

Official State Emission Testing on Fitch® catalyst confirming before and after results.

Homelite, Division of John Deere Corp.

Performance and tear down analysis.

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